One Person Company Registration | Incorporation of opc

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One Person Company Registration

Under the Companies Act, 2013 [No. 18 of 2013], now any aspiring Entrepreneur can now start a new company with Single Ownership i.e. One Person Company (OPC). One Person Company is defined in Sub-Section 62 of Section 2 of Companies Act, 2013, which reads: "One Person Company means a company which has only one member".

Under this type of Business Entity, there is no need for mandatory minimum two directors, as is the case in Private Limited Company incorporation. Company incorporation as "One Person Company".

Sudnya Startup Mantra is the market leader in company registration services in India, offering a variety of company registration like private limited company registration, one person company registration, Nidhi Company Registration, Section 8 Company Registration, Producer Company Registration and Indian Subsidiary registration. The average time taken to complete a one person company registration is about 10 - 15 working days, subject to government processing time and client document submission. Get a free consultation for one person company registration and business setup in India by scheduling an appointment with an Sudnya Startup Mantra Advisor.

One Person Company Advantages :

  1. A Separate legal entity.
  2. More opportunities, Limited liability.
  3. Minimum Requirements.
  4. Benefits of being a Small Scale Industries (SSI).
  5. Benefits under Income Tax Law.

A new concept has been introduced in the Company’s Act 2013, about the One Person Company (OPC). In a Private Company, a minimum of 2 Directors and Members are required whereas in a Public Company, a minimum of 3 Directors and a minimum of 7 members.

One Person Company (OPC): Process of Registration

1. Apply for DSC: The first Step is to obtain the Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) of the proposed Director which required the following documents:

  • Address Proof
  • Aadhaar card
  • PAN card
  • Photo
  • Email Id
  • Phone Number

2. Apply for DIN: Once the Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) is made, the next step is to apply for the Director Identification Number (DIN) of the proposed Director in SPICe Form along with the name and the address proof of the director. Form DIR-3 is the option only available for existing companies. It means with effect from January 2018, the applicant need not file Form DIR-3 separately. Now DIN can be applied within SPICe form for up to three directors.

3. Name Approval Application: The next step while incorporating an OPC is to decide on the name of the Company. The name of the Company will be in the form of “ABC (OPC) Private Limited”.

There are 2 options available for getting name approved by making application in Form SPICe 32 or by using RUN Web service of MCA by giving only 1 preferred name along with the significance of keeping that name. However, with effect from March 23, 2018, Ministry has decided to permit two proposed Names and one re-submission (RSUB) while reserving Unique Names (RUN Service) for the Companies.

Once the name is approved by the MCA we move on to the next step.

4. Documents Required: We have to prepare the following documents which are required to be submitted to the ROC:

  • The Memorandum of Association (MoA) which are the objects to be followed by the Company or stating the business for which the company is going to be incorporated.
  • The Articles of the Association (AoA) which lays down the by-laws on which the company will operate.
  • Since there are only 1 Director and a member, a nominee on behalf of such person has to be appointed because in case he becomes incapacitated or dies and cannot perform his duties the nominee will perform on behalf of the director and take his place. His consent in Form INC – 3 will be taken along with his PAN card and Aadhar Card.
  • Proof of the Registered office of the proposed Company along with the proof of ownership and a NOC from the owner.
  • Affidavit and Consent of the proposed Director of Form INC -9 and DIR – 2 resp.
  • A declaration by the professional certifying that all compliances have been made.

5. Filing of forms with MCA: All these documents will be attached to SPICe Form, SPICe-MOA and SPICe-AOA along with the DSC of the Director and the professional, and will be uploaded to the MCA site for approval.

After uploading, Form 49A and 49B will be generated for the PAN and TAN generation of the Company which have to be uploaded to MCA after affixing the DSC of the proposed Director.

6. Issue of the certificate of Incorporation: On verification, the Registrar of Companies (ROC) will issue a Certificate of Incorporation and we can commence our business.

One Person Company Services Covered

  1. Filing of E-forms with the Registrar of Companies (ROC)
  2. Digital Signature Certificates
  3. Name approval (RUN - Reserve Uniqe Name)
  4. Filing of SPICe form
  5. Drafting of Memorandum of Association (MOA) & Articles of Association (AOA)
  6. PAN Application, TAN Applicaiton.
  7. Issue of Certificate of Incorporation
  8. Excludes foreign national or Foreign Body Corporate as a director OR businesses that need approval from RBI, SEBI or IRDA for incorporation.

Documents Required For Registration

Foreign National

  1. Identity Proof: Copy of Passport

  2. Address Proof:
    • Driving License
    • Residence Card
    • Bank Statement
    • Government issued form of identity containing address.

  3. Residential Proof:
    • Bank Statement
    • Electricity Bill
    • Telephone Bill
    • Mobile Bill

  4. Passport Size Photograph.

Indian National

  1. Identity Proof: Copy of PAN Card

  2. Address Proof:
    • Passport/Election Card or Voter Identity Card
    • Ration Card
    • Driving License
    • Electricity Bill/Telephone Bill
    • Aadhaar Card

  3. Residential Proof:
    • Bank Statement
    • Electricity Bill
    • Telephone Bill/Mobile Bill

  4. Passport Size Photograph

One Person Company Registration Packages


  1. Company Incorporation Certificate
  2. One Company Name Registration
  3. PAN / TAN
  4. DIN No.
  5. Udyog Aadhaar Certificate
  6. MOA
  7. AOA
  8. Share Certificate
  9. MSME Certificate
  10. GST Certificate
  11. Digital Signature For 2 Year

(No Hidden Charges)

  1. Company Incorporation Certificate
  2. One Company Name Registration
  3. PAN / TAN, Share Certificate
  4. DIN No., MOA, AOA
  5. Udyog Aadhaar Certificate
  6. MSME Certificate, GST Certificate
  7. Digital Signature For 2 Year
  8. Domain Name
  9. Single Page Website
  10. 1 Year Free Hosting, 1 Buisness Email
  11. Online 1 Year Free GST Software

(No Hidden Charges)

Frequently Asked Questions

As Per Section 62 of Companies Act, 2013, One Person Company which has only one person as a member.One Person Company is popularly knows as OPC.

No. As per the Act, Only Indian born citizens can form a One Person Company. Non-resident Indians or individuals who do not reside in India for over 182 days cannot incorporate a OPC.

As per the Act, Nominee of one OPC, cannot be a nominee of another OPC. In this event, the Nominee has to withdraw his membership from either of the OPCs within one hundred and eighty days.

As per the Act, the average annual turnover during the relevant period should not exceed Rs.2 Crores. If it exceeds, then the company automatically get converted to a Private Limited Company.

The Act has not made any restriction for a One Person Company to become a member of another Private Limited Company.

If it is not specifically mentioned in the incorporation document, it would be assumed that the sole shareholder shall be the sole director.

A One person company can be converted to a Public Limited Company; however a public limited company cannot be converted to an OPC

  • Obtain NOC from members and creditors of the Private Limited Company
  • Pass a Special Resolution for conversion
  • File Special Resolution in Form No. MGT.14 with ROC
  • File fees and application in Form No. INC.6 and supporting documents with ROC

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